Thursday, March 3, 2011

Bhagavad Gita- 4th chapter
Jnana Karma Vibhaga Yoga- The way of knowledge.
Lord Krishna declares through the Bhagavad Gita that He, the Lord will come as or take avatars from time to time for the protection of the righteous and the destruction of the wicked and for the establishment of righteous living.
Lord Krishna says that He had taught the Bhagavad Gita to Vivaswat who then taught it to Manu and Manu shared this knowledge with Ikshvaku. Krishna says to Arjuna, that this yoga was lost in course of time and He is repeating it to Arjuna because the lord wants to console his dearest devotee and friend.
Arjuna asks a doubt to Krishna saying that Krishna was born after Vivaswat, so how could he say that he taught Vivaswat. To this the lord replies that He remembers all of his past births whereas Arjuna does not. The Lord says that though he is immortal, He takes birth in human form from time to time whenever the wicked raise their head, to establish righteousness in the world once more.
The lord declares that those who are free from attachment, fear and anger with their minds intent on God, purified by knowledge and penance attain him and will be free from the cycle of birth and death. The Lord says that He is not concerned with the way people pray but the feeling behind it. Krishna tells that, He is the creator of the four castes in society and remains unattached to actions and does not desire for the fruits of labor.
A man whose actions are free from desire for results and whose actions have been burnt by the fire of knowledge is a sage. A wise man is always contended and performs his duties with love and respect and dos not expect anything in return. He is contended with his life, is not perturbed by success or failure and free from vices like jealousy and ego.
A person who dedicates his actions to the Lord and sacrifices for the Lord is freed from bad effects of negative actions and sins.
Lord Krishna says that though many people offer various types of sacrifice through yoga etc; the sacrifice through knowledge is superior. Such knowledge should be desired so as to see the presence of God in all creations of God.
Knowledge reduces the results of actions which are actually similar to chains which bind a person to the cycle of birth and death. Lord Krishna says that the man with self control, faith and zest attains supreme knowledge and peace. But the doubting man will never be saved in his life or after. So, the Lord asks Arjuna to behave like a yogi who is wise, not bound by actions and to remove the doubt in his mind and fight.